DETAILED RESEARCH ON NOILER CHICKENS / BIRDS: EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT NOILER CHICKENS AND FARMING
In this post, you are going to learn about Noiler Chickens, a very special specie of brand of chicken that every poultry consumer should know about and have. This special blog post is targeted at poultry farmers, chicken consumers, white meat lovers and those interested in running food centers where chicken is used. We have taken time to explain elaborately on every single detail you may need to consider when choosing the Noiler chicken brand, also known as kuroiler for either commercial or household use. We have also provided a way you can get our manual for the day-to-day raising of all the chicken types and species so as to maximize your profit and totally eradicate loss. The book has been bought by so many people who have been frequenting or email to pour testimonies upon testimonies and you too can be the next. To get the book: “CHICKEN FARMING: A Complete Guide on Raising Chickens for Household and Commercial Purposes” as written by the author of this post and chief research strategist of this blog, Noah Fred. The book amongst others contains the following: General Overview, Everything on a Successful Broiler Farming, Everything on a Successful Layer Farming, Poultry Diseases – Causes, Symptoms, And Cure, Mechanization of Your Chicken Farming, How to become a successful Entrepreneur, More Encouraging Blog Posts, etc. You can reach the author and order for your own soft or hard copy by dialing: (+234) 08171762579 or (+234) 09071434204.
Now fasten your seat belt and take the ride with us!
INTRODUCTION TO THE NOILER CHICKENS (OTHERWISE CALLED KUROILER CHICKENS) INDUSTRY
In the world today, animal protein consumption has steadily increased. In the last five years, beef consumption has been up only slightly. Pork is the number one animal protein consumed around the world; however, the Food and Agricultural Organization predicts chicken will overtake pork as the most consumed animal protein by 2020. Consumption is driven by poultry’s lower cost and demographic interests that fit with this meat.
Nigeria is no doubt increasing in population. In 2016, it was estimated to have over 178.5 million people although United Nations projections have placed the population as high as 186 million. Meanwhile, rural population in Nigeria was reported at 95,604,255 in 2016, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators.
Poultry production is fast growing in Nigeria as it is significantly contributing to animal protein source of the Nigerian population. Farmers keep birds for different purpose; mostly for meat and egg. Meat and egg are rich source of animal protein and can adequately combat the problem of malnutrition.
With the increasing population in Nigeria, there is need to fast track the process of poultry production especially meat and egg so as to meet up with protein needs of the population. There is need for a low cost feed input breed with increased output of meat and egg production. To achieve this, a dual purpose chicken breed like Noiler chickens otherwise called Kuroiler chicken is unavoidable.
Noiler chickens is a dual purpose breed of chicken developed in Nigeria by a noble hatchery; Amo Farm Sieberer Hatchery. The hatchery still stands as the sole producer of Noiler chickens in Nigeria. Also known as kuroiler, Noiler is said to have been developed in India and already introduced in Uganda with prolific meat and egg production.
Noiler chickens is suitable for rural communities and small holder farmers and can address the challenges of animal food insecurity. It can also help to solve problems of financial challenges as Noiler chickens production is very profitable.
Noiler chickens are good for rural farmers and small holder farmers. “The birds can easily substitute local chickens as testimonies from my buyers were encouraging” said a local Noiler chickens producer from Ijebu-Ode.
Other advantages of Noiler farming are:
- Initial investment is lower than layer farming.
- Rearing period is 3-4 months only.
- More number of flocks can be taken in the same shed and they are as strong as local chicken and so can survive the problems of space, free range and harsh weather conditions. As a result of this, both local and commercial farmers can embark on this venture with little or no education.
- Noilers have high feed conversion efficiency i.e, the amount of feed required for unit body weight gain is lower in comparison to other livestock.
- Faster return from the investment.
- Demand for poultry meat is more compared to sheep, goat or cattle.
- Most importantly, Noiler chickens are better than layers and broilers because they produce both meat and eggs which is like using one stone to kill two birds as against layers that only lay eggs and broilers that only produce meat.
NOILER CHICKENS AND IMPORTANT FACTS
Noilers are fast growing birds that reach an average market weight of 3.5kg and produce 150 – 200 eggs after few months. A noiler can be of either sex. Its flesh is tender, with soft pliable smooth textured and flexible breast. The commercial table birds industry is now largely based on noiler chickens because of it’s dual purpose nature of eggs and meat. The other types of table birds are either:
- The by-products of egg production i.e. spent layers or
- The by-products of meat production i.e broilers.
Facts Pertinent to an Understanding of Noilers Performance
- At any given age, males are heavier than females.
- Weekly increase in body weight is not uniform and weight gains increase
until reaching a maximum at about the four months for straight-run (both
- Weekly feed consumption increases as weight and ability to lay more increases.
- The more feed consumed, the better the feed conversion at a given age.
- As weekly gains increase, feed efficiency increases.
- Healthy birds consume more feed and have better feed conversion than
- The greater the activity of Noiler chickens, the lower the feed efficiency.
- Cannibalism causes lowered feed intake, growth and feed conversion.
- Changes in temperature cause changes in feed consumption. High
temperatures reduce feed intake while low temperatures cause them to
- At market time, the birds in a flock will not be uniform in weight.
Mortality rate should not exceed 5%.
Important Reasons why a Farmer should embark on Noilers production and farming against other types of Birds:
- Appearance: Noilers come in various colours; black, white, yellowish, brown and grey specks, and this makes them beautiful and well-camouflaged. All the same, you should expect to come across some rather ugly Noilers.
- Growth rate: Noiler rearing is fast becoming very popular because these birds grow really fast. It gets interesting: they grow big and meaty without necessarily eating a lot of store-bought feeds. Even if you let them loose to free-range, This breed will soon convert food to meat and get heavier. Also, noiler feeds can be cheaply sourced; you can feed them kitchen leftovers and edibles like rice, yellow maize, omena, chicken mash, soya, and worms. To make sure their growth rate stays sharp, you need to deworm and vaccinate your the birds on time. By the fourth or fifth month, they attain a weight of three to four kilograms.
- Noiler meat production – As earlier stated, Noilers produce meatier and sweeter tasting meat in high amounts. They add meat and weight quickly and the farmer doesn’t have to churn out lots of money to ensure it. Another interesting thing to note about rearing Noiler chickens is that they are even more disease resistant than some exotic breeds. Their meat production remains high as long as you take good care of them and feed them properly. In about 12 weeks, noiler chicken will be matured enough for slaughtering- weighs 3.5kg or more at maturity. Noiler cocks have proven to weigh more than this. Compare this to broiler breed that weighs only 2 to 2.5 kg at maturity. Noiler chickens are perfect alternatives. Also, meat is evenly distributed over the chicken’s body parts.
- Eggs production – Noiler layers should start laying eggs at five months old (some do this at four months). As soon as they begin their egg-laying session, it goes on for two years. Noiler eggs are extremely bigger and with dark-yellow yolk when compared with our local chicken. This yolk color of noiler eggs is associated with good health, explaining why the eggs command a good price in the market.
- Hatching –If you want to raise new broods, you will face one challenge with the Noiler hen. She doesn’t sit on her eggs so they can hatch. As a result, you will require the service of a local hen, an incubator or buy some readily hatched chicks. If incubated, about eighty percent of fertile noiler eggs will hatch. But, keep in mind that most of the eggs might get stale. Thus, the incubation machine is the ultimate solution.
- Housing – Noiler birds can either be free-range birds or semi-free range birds. If you have enough land space, the free-range method is almost perfect. However, make sure that you build a fenced chicken run to keep your birds safe. If you have a previous chicken cage that meets the poultry house construction standards, you can keep your birds inside. Otherwise, you should get a special semi free-range rearing system that is suitable for compact spaces.
Other Important Reasons why a Farmer should embark on Noilers production and farming against other types of Birds:
- Noiler chickens are better than layers and broilers because they produce both meat and eggs which is like using one stone to kill two birds as against layers that only lay eggs and broilers that only produce meat.
- Most poultry farmers report that Noiler chickens are easier to raise and manage.
- Noiler have an excellent survival rate that matches up with that of local chickens.
- Grow faster and have better egg laying and meat production performance than layers and broilers.
- Research findings have shown Noilers produce more meat and have a body weight that doubles that of a local chicken.
- They are rugged and can adapt to harsh conditions like local chickens
- Noiler chickens can scavenge for food and water just like indigenous or local chicken breeds do. So farmers may not need confining them in a place or manage them under an intensive system
- They are not expensive i.e. they are affordable chicken breeds and cheaper to maintain
- In terms of health, they have less susceptibility to diseases and with lower maintenance levels.
NOILER CHICKENS HOUSING AND REARING SYSTEMS
For large-scale commercial broiler production, the Noiler chickens population in a house can be as high as 10,000 to 50,000. Maximum recommended population per pen when using deep-litter is 2,500 for ease of management.
Noilers can be raised in cages (battery cage system), free range as well as on the floor (deep litter system). When raised in cages, more birds are raised per unit space but the cheapest are open free range though this method can be deadly as pests and predators are more here.
Noiler Management Rule
The five golden rules of Noiler chickens management are:
1. The golden rule of Noiler management is to have one age and one breed per
site, so as to follow the “all–in, all–out” principle.
2. The choice of the site for the farm, as well as the layout of the houses must aim at keeping them free from any source of contamination. Protection is reinforced by hygiene controls.
3. A changing room should be made available at the entrance of the site and must be used by everybody entering the farm (change of clothes). It is better if a shower is installed.
4. When the old flock is removed and before the arrival of the new flock, all houses and equipment must be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected according to strict procedures and protocols.
THE NEED FOR NOILER POULTRY HOUSING:-
a) Protection from other climatic extremes such as direct sun, wind, rain and even against theft and attack from natural enemies of the birds such as, fox, dog, cat, kite, snake, etc. The noiler birds also should be protected against external parasites like ticks, lice, mice, etc.
b) Comfort: The best egg production from noilers is secured from birds that are comfortable and happy. To be comfortable, a house must provide adequate accommodation, be reasonably cool in the hot weather, free from drafts and sufficiently warm
during the cool weather. Above all, provide adequate supply of fresh air and sunshine; and remain dry always.
C) Provision of dry condition which are hygienic and do not predispose the noiler birds to diseases and parasites.
d) Allowing, as far as possible, for inherent behavior patterns of the birds, and minimizing the effect of social dominance.
e) Convenience: The house should be located at a convenient place, and the equipment so arranged as to allow cleaning and other necessary operation as required.
f) Provision of accessible food and clean water and for effective disposal of waste.
g) Providing condition so that good stockmanship can be practiced.
LOCATION OF NOILER HOUSING
The main and foremost important thing for noiler farming is selecting a suitable land. And it is the most expensive part of this business. For setting up commercial noiler production, it would be better if you have the land of your own. The area of the land depends on the number of birds you want to raise.
Consider the following aspects while choosing land for commercial noiler farming business:
1. Relation to other Buildings: – The noiler house should not be close to the home as much closeness creates unsanitary condition. On the other hand, it should not be too far away either because this will require more time in going to and fro in caring for the birds. In general, at least three trips should be made daily to the poultry house in feeding, watering, gathering the eggs.
2. Exposure: – The noiler house should face south or east in most localities. A southern exposure permits more sunlight in the house than any of the other possible exposures. An eastern exposure is almost as good as a southern one. Birds prefer morning sunlight to that of the afternoon. The birds are more active in the morning and will spend more time in the sunlight.
3. Soil and Drainage: – If possible, noiler house should be placed on a sloping hillside rather than a hilltop or in the bottom of a valley. A sloping hillside provides good drainage and affords some protection. The type of soil is also very important if the birds are to be given a range. A fertile well drained soil is desired. This will be a sandy loam rather than a heavy clay soil. A fertile soil will grow good vegetation which is one of the main reasons for providing range. If noiler house is located on flat poorly drained soil, the yards should be tiled, and otherwise, the birds should be kept in total confinement.
4. Shade and Protection: – Shade and protection of the noiler house are just as desirable as for the house. Trees serve as a Windbreak in the rainy season and for shade in the dry season. They should be tall, and not very close to the soil. Dwarf tree can become contaminated, makes the soil damp, and prevent sunlight from reaching the soil to destroy the germs. One thing a farmer should note is that plenty of sunshine should be available at the site.
Other factors to consider are:
- Try to setup the farm in rural areas that is slightly far from the city. Because, land and labor are relatively cheaper in rural areas.
- Select a chaos and noise free calm and quiet place.
- The area of the land depends on the number of birds and farming system. Free range farming system requires more land than intensive system.
- The chosen area must have to have fresh and pollution free environment.
- Never setup the farm in rented land. Because, in rented land the land owner can force you to leave his land at any time. So, it would be better if you are the owner of the land. If you must set up the farm on a rented land, make sure that there is a strong agreement between you and the land owner and signed before a representative of the law.
- While selecting land, ensure a great source of sufficient amount of fresh and clean water.
- The selected area must have to be free from all types of harmful animals and predators.
- Suitable transportation system is a must.
- Presence of a suitable market near the farm will be effective. You will be able to buy necessary commodities and sell your products easily in the market.
(1) FLOOR SPACE: The smaller the house, the more square feet are required for each hen. Bigger pens have more actual usable floor space per bird than smaller pens. The recommendations suggested below might be useful regarding floor, feeders, and watering space.
(2) VENTILATION: Ventilation in the noiler house is necessary to provide the birds with fresh air and to carry off moisture. Since the fowl is a small animal with a rapid metabolism, its air requirements per unit of the body are high in comparison with that of other animals. A hen weighing 2kg and on full feed, produces about 52 liters of CO2 every 24 hours. Since CO2 content of expired air is about 3.5%, total air breathed amounts to 0.5 liter per kg live weight per minute. A house that is well tall enough for the attendant to move around comfortably will supply far more air space than will be required by the birds that
can be accommodated in the given floor space.
(3) TEMPERATURE: Hens needs a moderate temperature of 50-70oF. Birds need a warmer temperature at night, then they are inactive, than during the day. The use of insulation with straw pack or other materials not only keeps the house warmer during the rainy seasons, but also cooler during the dry seasons. Cross ventilation also aids in keeping the house comfortable during hot weather.
(4) DRYNESS: An absolute dry condition inside a noiler house is always an ideal condition. Dampness causes discomfort to the birds and also gives rise to diseases like colds, pneumonia. Dampness in poultry house is caused by:-
(a) Moisture rising through the floor,
(b) Leaky roofs or wall,
(c) Rain or snow entering through the windows,
(d) Leaky water containers,
(e) Exhalation of birds.
(5) LIGHT: Daylight in the house is desirable for the comfort of the birds. They seem more contented on bright sunny days than in dark, cloudy weather. Sunlight in the poultry house is desirable not only because of the destruction of disease and germs, it also for supplying vitamin D; but also because, it brightens the house and makes the birds happy. Birds do fairly well when kept under artificial light.
(6) SANITATION: The worst enemies of the birds, i.e. lice, ticks, fleas, and mites are abundant in poultry houses. They do not only transmit diseases, but also retard growth and laying capacity. The design of the house should be such which admits easy cleaning and spraying. There should be minimum cracks and crevices. Angle irons for the frames and cement asbestos or metal sheets for the roof and walls are ideal construction materials, as they permit effective disinfection of the house. When the wood is to be used, every piece should be treated with coal tar, creosote or any other similar insecticides before being fitted. Used engine oil mixed with wood treatment chemicals can also serve as a good alternative.
TYPES OF ROOFS FOR A POULTRY HOUSE
There are several styles of poultry house with reference to types of roofs:-
1) SHED TYPES: -This is the simplest type of poultry house and by far the most useful and practical type of house that can be used under different climatic conditions and for different systems of poultry keeping. The slope of the roof needs only be slight in the plains, while in heavy rainfall, it ought to be sufficiently steep. The shed-roof types of houses may be either portable or stationary. The portable house is generally a small one, not exceeding 8×6 inches while the stationary types can be made of any dimensions.
2) GABLE ROOF TYPE: – This type requires more material and labor for construction. Some poultry farmers put a ceiling floor in gable roof houses and use the space in the gable for storage. The type is more suitable in rainfall areas. Here, again, gable type may be stationary or portable.
3) COMBINATION: -Such houses have double pitch roofs in which the ridge between the two slopes is not mid-way from front to back. Most of the gable type, the combination roof requires more materials and labor than the shed roof.
1. ROOFS: in most African countries, cement- asbestos sheeting although, very satisfactory and durable is expensive, yet, it is still recommended if the farmer has the capital. Conjugated iron and zinc sheets are equally satisfactory, but the cost is lower than cement asbestos. You can ceil the house with zinc sheets.
2. DOORS: The door of the poultry house must be on the south, and made of an angle iron frame covered with ½ “mesh Wire netting. The size of the room should be always large enough to allow a man to conveniently pass through.
3. WINDOWS: –About one meter block work is recommended as the normal height and the remaining upper part of the wall would be walls to the pillar post. Remember to make the roof overhang at least 18-36 inches out from the wall to cut down radiation through the window opening.
What is brooding in Noiler Production?
Brooding is the management of noiler chicks from one day old to about 2 weeks of age, and it involves the provision of heat and other necessary care during chicks’ early growing period. Brooding units are designed to house chicks from one day old until they no longer need supplementary heat (0-32 weeks). Growing pens are used from the end of the brooding period until the broilers are sold.
General systems of brooding are:
i. Natural brooding
ii. Artificial brooding
- Natural Brooding
The natural method of brooding is used in farms where only few chickens are raised each year. Depending on her size, a hen will brood 15-20 chickens. The broody hen will provide all the warmth required by the chicks. Before placing the chicks with the hen she should be examined for her good health and free from lice, tick and other ectoparasites.
- Artificial Brooding
Artificial brooding is the handling of newly born chicks without the aid of hens. It is accomplished by means of a temperature controlled brooder. Artificial brooding has several advantages over the natural method, which are:
Chicks may be reared at any time of the seasons.·
Thousands of chicks may be brooded by a single person.·
Sanitary condition may be controlled.·
Temperature may be regulated.·
Feeding may be undertaken according to plan.·
The essentials of a good brooder are:
A dependable mechanism for controlling temperature and regular supply of fresh air, dryness, adequate light, space, easy disinfection, protection against chick enemies, safety from fire, and economic in construction.
Noiler Brooder House Equipment
There are a number of things needed in a brooder house. They include:
Charcoal stove / kerosene stove:·
Where electricity is not available, ordinary charcoal / kerosene stoves are used to provide supplementary heat to chicks. These stoves are covered with plate / pans to dissipate the heat.
It is also thermostatically controlled heating system that spread required amount of heat uniformly above large area, this avoid crowding of chicks under brooder directly. One electrical brooder can be used for 300 to 400 chicks.
Hover: Flat type hover· These hovers are provided with heating element, heating mechanism and pilot lamp and in some cases thermometer is also there in order to record the temperature.
Canopy type hover – These reflectors are in concave shape consisting of ordinary electrical bulb, thermostat mechanism and in some cases thermometer.
Brooder guard/chick guard·
They are used to prevent chicks from straying too far away from heat supply until they learn the source of heat. We have to provide brooder guard with a diameter of 5 feet, height of the brooder should not exceed 1.5 feet. For this purpose, we can use materials like cardboard sheet, GI sheet, wire mesh, and mat etc. depending upon the season of brooding. During wet season, brooding is done for 5-6 days. In dry season it is 2-3 weeks.
The litter acts as insulation and comfort for the baby chicks. The type of litter available is variable according to the area: wood shavings, chopped straw, rice hulls or recycled paper. Choose a dry product that is non-corrosive to skin and with good absorption properties. It should also be correctly treated to reduce the chance of bacterial contamination. Good quality litter is indispensable in order for the birds to express their natural behavior (picking and scratching in the litter).
FEEDING AND WATERING TROUGHS
These are used to feed and water growers. They are larger than the ones used in brooding. They provide more space per bird. Feeders may be longitudinal or conical in shape while a linear feeding space of 2.5m and depth of about 7.5cm is
adequate for about 100 chicks from 0-6 weeks, the feeding space should be doubled for broiler chicks from 4-10 weeks and pullet chicks from 6-14 weeks.
Preparation for the Arrival of the Noiler Chicks
It is critical for a poultry farmer to take all necessary steps before he takes delivery of his day-old chicks. This will lessen stress on the chicks and increase their survival rate during brooding periods. It is advisable to start the preparations for brooding chicks about three weeks before their arrival.
The following activities should be carried out:
i. Remove old litter from the house if already in use, remove cobwebs and dust on the wood frames, sweep the house and then thoroughly wash and disinfect the house using a suitable disinfectant like Izal, Dettol etc.
ii. ii. Repair the house if necessary, mend leaking roofs, plaster cracks on the wall and crevices on the floor, and repair doors.
iii. Feeders and drinkers should be thoroughly washed and disinfected.
iv. The house should then be sealed up and fumigated if possible especially in buildings which are not open-sided.
v. If tier brooders, battery brooders or any other type of brooder is to be used, they should be brushed clean and then washed very clean of droppings.
vi. The needed equipment should be purchased and tested to be functional.
vii. The house should be left empty for a period of not less two weeks to destroy any surviving disease organizations through
viii. Two days to the arrival of the chicks, the house should be swept and the equipment cleaned.
ix. Spread litter material up to a depth of 5cm on the floor and test run again the heating system for its efficacy in heating up the brooder.
x. If a half open-sided house will be used, the open sides should be covered with plastic sheets, mats, empty feed bags or any other suitable material.
xi. A few hours before the arrival of chicks, put on the heater, fill the drinkers with clean cool water, put feed in the trough not more than a depth of one half and also sprinkle some on flat feeders which are adequate for the first week.
PROPHYLAXIS AND VACCINATION
This is the prevention of a disease, for example, noiler chickens disease. It has been found that the most careful observance of good farm management and hygiene practices may not be full-proof in the prevention of diseases. Occasions for additional efforts will arise. However such occasions can be greatly minimized by the use of preventive medication and vaccines. It is important to know why and when to employ preventive medication and vaccines.
When it is known that certain diseases are endemic in an area and therefore pose a threat which can only be handled by preventive medication and or vaccination e.g. Newcastle disease, fowl pox, Gumboro disease, Marek’s Coccidiosis·
When unfavorable climatic changes are likely to precipitate a disease condition like coryza in poultry.·
When stock density or litter management problems raise the possibility of disease outbreak like coccidiosis.·
In these and other instances, vaccines or drugs can be strategically applied to preempt
disease outbreak. Since timing of disease outbreak cannot be predicted with
regular precision, this has given rise to routine vaccination and medication practices in farm animals including poultry. The vaccines or coccidiostats are applied when the disease has not appeared in stock, so that defensive mechanisms are introduced through the development of antibodies in the one case and the destruction of the early stages of the disease agent (coccidia) in the other. Different coccidiostats should not be mixed since it may be harmful.
Coccidiostats should be mixed in the food but should be withdrawn four days before the birds are slaughtered so that it does not find its way through poultry meat into the consumer. Amprolium is a potent coccidiostat to treat birds when an outbreak of coccidiosis occurs in a flock.
This is the process of vaccine administration in chickens to protect them against bacterial and viral diseases of economic importance by stimulating immunity in the chickens. For vaccines to be used they must be germ free and the chickens to
be administered should be healthy. Vaccination is better than cure and has no alternative. The use of vitamins five days prior to vaccination date will help in reducing vaccination stress.
Vaccination Programme for Noilers
The vaccination schedule for Noilers is as follows:
|DAYS||WEEKS||DISEASE TO PREVENT||VACCINE STRAIN||METHOD|
|On Hatch Day||Marek’s||Rispense + HVT & ND-B1||Given at Hatchery|
|Day 1-5||1||Antibiotics + Vitamins||Megadox-N or Oxy tetracyclin + Ultravit||Water|
|Day 1||1||Infectious Bronchitis||IBH 120||Beak dip|
|Day 5||1||Beak Trimming + Vitamins|
|Day 9||2||1st IBD||Gumboro||Water or eye drop|
|Day 16||3||2nd IBD||Gumboro||Water|
|Day 28||4||NB + IB||Ma5+Clone 30||Water|
|Day 32||5||Fowl Pox||Fowl Pox||Wing Web|
With everything that has been said about Noiler or Kuroiler chicken farming, you now know everything you needed to know about Noiler chicken farming. Congratulations.
However, it always seems impossible until it is done! The market for this beautiful creature is still interesting as it is quite new to some chicken farmers and starting now to invest in it might just be the only thing you need to do. Are you a chicken farmer? Why not buy this book “CHICKEN FARMING: A Complete Guide on Raising Chickens for Household and Commercial Purposes” as written by the author of this post and chief research strategist of this blog, Noah Fred. The book amongst others contains the following: General Overview, Everything on a Successful Broiler Farming, Everything on a Successful Layer Farming, Poultry Diseases – Causes, Symptoms, And Cure, Mechanization of Your Chicken Farming, How to become a successful Entrepreneur, More Encouraging Blog Posts, etc. You can reach the author and order for your own copy by dialing: (+234) 08171762579 or (+234) 09071434204.
It is my believe that once you have purchased the book, then you will be on your way to becoming one of the biggest Chicken farmers the world has ever seen.